batts

carded hunks of fiber as it comes off of a drumcarderbench – also called the table. The table of the spinning wheel on which the wheel and spinning mechanism are mountedbobbin – the shaft of the spool onto which the spun yarn is wound on a spinning wheel

carders

(or cards) a pair of brushes used to smooth and straighten fibers for spinning

comb

used to process long stapled wool for worsted spinning

crimp

amount of curl in a lock of fleece; fine wool is very crimpy

distaff

a staff that holds the flax or wool fibers which are drawn from as the spinner needs them when spinning. A distaff can be attached to a belt, mounted on the bench of a spinning wheel, or free-standing.

draft

the pulling out of fibers to allow only a certain amount of the fiber to twist into thread

drafting triangle

the space between the spun yarn and the fibers being drawn out

drive band

the cord carrying the power from the large wheel to the spindle or bobbin/pulley

drop spindle

(handspindle) a stick with a weighted whorl that is used to twist fibers into thread

ewe

a mature female sheep

fiber

the unspun hair/wool/plant material (as opposed to the thread, which is already spun)

fleece

the entire coat of wool off of a sheep

flyer

the u-shaped device on a treadle spinning wheel that twists the yarn

footman

the straight piece of wood or wire that connects the treadle to the axle/crank of a spinning wheel

grease wool

(or “wool in the grease”) the unwashed wool as it comes off of a sheep

hank

a 560-yard long skein of wool, usually wound on a niddy-noddy or reel

knot

a 40-yard strand skein of yarn wound on a reel or a niddy-noddy that measures 2 yards in circumference = 80 yards

maidens

(or sisters) two upright pieces of wood that hold the spinning apparatus in a horizontal position

Mother-of-all

usually, the entire spinning mechanism on a spinning wheel; maidens, flyer and bobbin

niddy-noddy

double-headed tool used in skeining spun yarn

noils

short fibers removed when combing the fleece; can be mixed with other wool and carded and spun

orifice

the opening or eye of the spindle on a treadle spinning wheel

pencil roving

thinner strips of roving roughly the diameter of a pencil

plying

winding two or more yarns together; must be done in the opposite direction to that in which they were spun

rolag

finger sized roll of carded wool, ready for spinning to make woolen yarn

roving

long tubes of carded wool, produced by carding machines

S-twist

yarn spun with a counterclockwise twist

scour

to wash or clean fibers or spun yarns

skeining

winding yarn off the spindle

skirted fleece

grease wool that has had the dirty edges removed all the way around

sliver

strips of batts in one continuous strip

slub

the flaw or fat place in the yarn (sometimes intentionally spun in for novelty yarns) Note: the length of a slub cannot be longer than the staple of a fiber

spindle pulley

the small grooved whorl that carries the drive band connecting the spindle to the drive wheel

staple

length of a lock of fleece or a single fiber

strick

a bundle of flax prepared for spinning after the tow has been removed (long fibers only)

tops

long fibers straightened by combing

tow

the short fibers left after flax is combed out

treadle

the foot pedal that turns the main wheel, or the process of pushing the pedal of the main wheel

whorl

the weighted part of a dropspindle that helps it to spin. Also the spindle pulley that regulates the speed of a spinning wheel spindle

woolen

yarns made from short-stapled wool; has a soft finish and felts well

worsted

made from long-stapled wool where the fibers are combed lengthwise and spun from cut end to tip in apparel-type fashion; has a firm finish and does not usually felt (i.e. most tweeds, suit or jacket material)

Z or S twist – yarn spun with a clockwise spin with Z twist

Translate »

thời trang trẻ emWordpress Themes Total Freetư vấn xây nhàthời trang trẻ emshop giày nữdownload wordpress pluginsmẫu biệt thự đẹpepichouseáo sơ mi nữHouse Design Blog - Interior Design and Architecture Inspiration